Topic 5: Open Access (#Mang2049)

oalogo

Photo references: The above photo is from here

Open access (OA) refers to a situation where one can read articles online free of charge. OA applies to all forms of research materials that are published online (Open access, 2016)

Please click here to see a Prezi, I did, on “Open Access In A Nut Shell”

The similarity of OA  across research materials

untitled-2

Photo reference: A diagram from my notebook with regards to 2 complementary points discovered.

  1. OA has facilitated learning and even allowed one to learn better than classroom lessons because of the width and depth of data it provides (Advantage)
  2. The costs to maintain OA is still relatively high. (Disadvantage)
  • Advantages Of OA

Students like me could well be the biggest beneficiary of OA. It has indeed allowed me free access to online resources round the clock. And the research is carried out in a most convenient way, at the click of a button, with no time wasted

An example is Khan Academy. Khan initially started out online as a hobby to provide “a free, world-class education for everyone”(Adams, 2016)

Video reference: The above video is from here

Video Reference: Khan delivering a Mathematics lesson . Video is from here

Today, as mentioned by Bill gates, “Khan’s impact on education might truly be incalculable” (Adams, 2016).  This shows the impact of OA, reaching out to numbers who would otherwise have been left behind, like the poor in developing nations

Through reading free content online, OA has also allowed the people behind the scene, the authors, writers etc to have an increased pool of audience and higher visibility of their works

  • Disadvantages Of OA

OA is difficult to maintain because of the fees involved

open-access-in-a-nut-shell

Photo Reference: A snippet from my notebook that shows what happens when there is free information available.

Cost of maintenance

In economics, there is no such thing as a free lunch(Investopedia.com, 2008). As such, someone has to pay to keep Open Access alive

Video Reference: Video on what is “no free lunch” from here

While reader gets free readership, the author is funding the publishing fees. OA deems that the author is responsible for absorbing the publication fees while the user enjoys it free

This might repress one from publishing his article online

Lack Of Quality Control (Q.C) : Quantity vs Quality

Please click here to see a Prezi on what Quality Control is, as per  industry standards.

Fees incurred in publishing online might lead to one putting more emphasis on recovering costs rather than producing quality work. As such, OA materials may not be as good as paid resources.

Paid content allows publishers to be compensated fairly for their work.

Video Reference: A Powtoon that I did which summarises what is Open Access, its advantages, disadvantages and what we must do to keep it going.

In conclusion, OA has given more people access to information, right down to the poor.  Because of OA, students in colleges now have the option to buy cheaper textbooks. (Wiley, Green, and Soares, 2012)

However, this will only remain sustainable and productive if costs of operating an OA is much reduced for quality and quantity work to continue to be churned out online. A possible solution would be for governments to offer grants or to cost share with the publishers

(440 Words)

References:

Bibliography

Wikipedia (2016) ‘There ain’t no such thing as a free lunch’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_ain%27t_no_such_thing_as_a_free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Adams, R. (2016) Sal Khan: The man who tutored his cousin – and started a revolution. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/apr/23/sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Forum, S.W. (2013) Education finally ripe for radical innovation by social entrepreneurs. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/skollworldforum/2013/04/07/education-finally-ripe-for-radical-innovation-by-social-entrepreneurs/#26caa9cf7a55 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Free lunch (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Investopedia.com (2008) ‘There Ain’t no such thing as A free lunch – TANSTAAFL’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tanstaafl.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Investopedia.com (2010) ‘Free lunch’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/free-lunch.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Lepitak, S. (2016) 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests. Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Open access (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Open access and copyright (2012) Available at: http://www.scoop.it/t/open-access-and-copyright (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics) (2012) Open access explained! Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=L5rVH1KGBCY (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Wiley, D., Green, C. and Soares, L. (2012) ‘Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER how open education resources unlock the door to free learning’, .

Citations, Quotes & Annotations

Wikipedia (2016) ‘There ain’t no such thing as a free lunch’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_ain%27t_no_such_thing_as_a_free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(2016)
Adams, R. (2016) Sal Khan: The man who tutored his cousin – and started a revolution. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/apr/23/sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Adams, 2016)
Forum, S.W. (2013) Education finally ripe for radical innovation by social entrepreneurs. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/skollworldforum/2013/04/07/education-finally-ripe-for-radical-innovation-by-social-entrepreneurs/#26caa9cf7a55 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Forum, 2013)
Free lunch (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Free lunch, 2016)
Investopedia.com (2008) ‘There Ain’t no such thing as A free lunch – TANSTAAFL’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tanstaafl.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Investopedia.com, 2008)
Investopedia.com (2010) ‘Free lunch’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/free-lunch.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Investopedia.com, 2010)
Lepitak, S. (2016) 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests. Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Lepitak, 2016)
Open access (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Open access, 2016)
Open access and copyright (2012) Available at: http://www.scoop.it/t/open-access-and-copyright (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Open access and copyright, 2012)
Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics) (2012) Open access explained! Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=L5rVH1KGBCY (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics), 2012)
Wiley, D., Green, C. and Soares, L. (2012) ‘Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER how open education resources unlock the door to free learning’, .
(Wiley, Green, and Soares, 2012)
Media Resources used:
 1) Open Access logo, Available at:https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=open+access&view=detailv2&&id=E1027E547EAA690528E1A0754D6173F9BEC279FC&selectedIndex=0&ccid=uqe4giGh&simid=608055147156606909&thid=OIP.Mbaa7b88221a1dcaafbda981036eb5c11o0&ajaxhist=0
2) Khan Academy video, Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a70-dYvDJZY
3) “Khan Academy: The future of education? ”  Available at :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zxJgPHM5NYI
4)The Tradeoff Between Fun and Wages: No Such Thing as a Free Lunch, Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpSz2x0c1rU
Media Resources used in Prezi
1) “Open Access Dummies – What is Open Access?” Available at :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JlSmoHd3tR
2) “Vision Made Easy – by Cognex ” Avaliable at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FBWKLVS1W1I

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5 thoughts on “Topic 5: Open Access (#Mang2049)”

  1. Hello Nobu! We talk about similar points in our posts, and I wholeheartedly agree with the disadvantages and advantages you pointed out. I believe the lack of revenues returned to Content Producer (CP) is the biggest problem, as it has significant impact on CP’s motivation and drive to continue publishing. I want to hear your opinion on how we can reduce CP’s burdens?

    1. Every website with open access articles should be under close surveillance of institutions and governments. Every article MUST be approved by the higher-ups for their credibility before being sponsored and published to the website, else it will be rejected and researchers have to re-evaluate their contents. I believe not only does this ensure guaranteed reduced cost of publishing, it also guarantees quality control due to the possibility of being rejected (in reference to your point Quantity vs Quality).

    2. Advertisement placements in each article’s website page when reader is viewing article via web and prevent reader from viewing the article if any form of advertisement disabler is on. I believe a simple click to disable is a fair price to show gratitude towards CP putting out their scientific research.

    What do you think of these methods?

    Like

  2. Hi Adelene, thank you for your comments. I would be happy to share with you my thoughts on how we can reduce the Content Producer’s burdens.
    1) You mentioned that websites with Open Access (OA) articles should be closely scrutinised by the institutions and governments. I agree with you on this.

    In order to get budget for one to publish his works to the website. The sponsoring organisation should certify that their work is credible first, before awarding the grant. This is completely fair and the credibility of the work produced can definitely be regulated.

    However, the guidelines on what constitutes credible work should be made clear. If an author is rejected too many times and he does not know what went wrong and how to improve upon it, it may result in him not wanting to upload articles anymore. “This might repress one from publishing his article online.”

    The approving authorities should also have a polite and friendly tone when dealing with the authors so that at least they know that they are being appreciated but their works just needs improvement.

    2) You mentioned that advertisement should be removed on website with open access (OA) ??

    I agree that the advertisement should not block a user from viewing an article. Websites should be designed ergonomically with the user in mind (User interface should easy).

    However, I disagree on completely removing adverts from the websites with OA articles/documents. Adverts do contribute to some of the production fees/ cost, etc,etc.

    This is perhaps why there are so many adverts in magazines like National Geographic and Reader’s digest.

    If adverts can allow more opportunities for more OA articles to be published online. I don’t see why it should be removed.

    However, it has to be placed online in an appropriate manner.

    I hope this answers your query. 🙂
    -Nobusato

    Liked by 1 person

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