Category Archives: Topic 4

Topic 4: A Reflection On Social Media Ethics(#MANG2049)

self-reflectionPhoto reference: https://anticsofateenagedreamer.wordpress.com/

It has never occur to me that excessive freedom of expression online, especially if left unchecked, would become the root cause of unethical behaviour on social media

I have always perceived the internet to be a place for freedom of expression. Echoing what JiaJun said, it is also the fastest and most convenient channel to obtain information, making learning very cohesive

unsupervised-police

Photo reference: https://thenonconformer.wordpress.com/2010/10/25/canadas-bad-police-officers/

Upon reflection, it now hit me hard that one of the downside of internet is lack of governance, and poor policing, thus leading to abuse.

Media Reference: A Powtoon I did that talks about how people abused the freedom given to them.

Statistically, unethical cyber behaviour has “affected 3.8 million globally , attacks range from infections to scams. Computer viruses were found to be more common. 50% involved hacking accounts which results in monetary theft.”(Ainscow, 2016)This is the dire consequence when freedom is left unchecked

2015_09-23-2015_on-cyber-crime-and-cyber-terrorism-part-1-1
Photo reference: https://blog.networkboxusa.com/2015/09/23/on-cyber-crime-cyber-terrorism-part-1/

The cyber crime rates are so shocking that companies are now trying to solve this problem, hence providing a differential advantage to minimise cyber crime. One example is EveryKey, a computer programme which self generates the most difficult passwords, where the user need not be involved in the process. This would prevent one’s account from being hacked

Video Reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fPBkBzu3vEg

freedom-unethical-behviour

Photo Reference: A snippet from my notebook that shows the link between freedom and unethical behaviour

In conclusion, the internet can continue to be a platform for free speech and expression, but only if there are clear boundaries to define what is acceptable conduct as a guide to all users 

Please click here to see a prezi I did, that shows what is appropriate online behaviour

Unfortunately, due to poor governance of most social media sites, users believe that they are entitled to be who they wish to be online without any consideration. Some even adopted an anonymous identity. Even with Every Key, there is still a possibility that scammers would break this encryption key sooner or later.

untitled-20

Photo reference: http://infoxin.com/good-bad-and-in-between

The authorities need to take a strong stand and set boundaries to what constitutes acceptable behaviour online, like how John Nimo and Isabelle Sorley  (The Guardian, 2014) were taken to task for misbehaving on Twitter. Only when penalties start to kick in, users will know the authorities are no longer paper tigers. And the online environment will hopefully change for the better.

(330 Words)

Comments:

Maureen’s blog

Jia Jun’s Blog

References:

Actus Reus (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actus_reus  (Accessed: 14 November 2016).

Ainscow, M. (2016) Online fraud figures send overall crime rate skyrocketing. Available at: http://www.solusps.com/blog/online-fraud-figures-send-overall-crime-rate-skyrocketing

Freedom House (2016) Internet freedom. Available at: https://www.freedomhouse.org/issues/internet-freedom (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Wikipedia (2016) ‘Ethics’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethics (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Asher, N. and Birchmore, M. (2014) Case studies. Available at: http://roarlocal.com/maslows-hierarchy-social-media/ (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Chaffart, R. (no date) The danger of curiosity: Ouch! Available at: http://www.sermonillustrator.org/illustrator/sermon20/danger_of_curiosity.htm (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

The Guardian (2014) Twitter abuse: Easy on the messenger. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jan/24/twitter-abuse-abusive-tweets-editorial?CMP=twt_gu (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Greenwald, G. (2014) Why privacy matters. Available at: http://www.ted.com/talks/glenn_greenwald_why_privacy_matters (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Harend, M. (2016) ‘Ethical Issues in Social Media’, Maureen Harend’s blog, 11 November. Available at: https://maureenharend.wordpress.com/2016/11/11/ethical-issues-in-social-media/ (Accessed: 14 November 2016).

Kelion, L. (2013) Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-24426739 (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Kleinman, Z. (2015) Who’s that girl? The curious case of Leah Palmer. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-31710738 (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Kwara, M. (2014) Singapore’s crime rate falls to 30-year low. Available at: https://sg.news.yahoo.com/singapore-s-crime-rate-falls-to-30-year-low-105825797.html (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Mens rea (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mens_rea (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Low, J.J. (2016) ‘Topic 4: Observe ethics.’, 11 November. Available at: https://uosjiajiun.wordpress.com/2016/11/11/topic-3-observe-ethics/ (Accessed: 14 November 2016).

Ronson, J. (2015) How One stupid Tweet blew up Justine Sacco’s life. Available at : this address (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Vallor, S. (2015) Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-social-networking/ (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

 

Media References:

  1. Cover Photo
  2. “Danger Warning… Unsupervised Police”
  3. “Good, Between, Bad”
  4. “Cyber-Crime-Terrorism”
  5. “Freedom of Speech is not freedom of abuse.” (In Prezi)
  6. .”Everykey” Video

 

Topic 4: Ethical Issues in Social Media (#mang2049)

thc1ox5zfg

Photo reference: http://lindsayolson.com/pr-ethics-an-oxymoron/

Reference: Ethics from rupaleeslideshare

In case there is technical errors,  please view the slides here

The rapidly evolving nature of new media technologies in the 21st century has resulted in a transformation of the way human beings initiate and/or maintain almost every type of ethically significant behavior. With this, now, we see a complex web of interactions between internet users, network developers, companies, government agencies and other entities. This interaction is sometimes underscored by diverse and conflicting motives and of these  stakeholders. Hence, there are ethical implications ( Reference : Vallor, 2015)

The freedom to be “Who I want to be online”, becomes an ethical issue 

Freedom Of “Who I want to be” online

giphy-2.gif

Media Reference: http://giphy.com/gifs/freedom-braveheart-musical-theater-6901DbEbbm4o0

Video reference: A Powtoon to show the effect of too much freedom done by me.

Please view the video in “full screen” for better clarity.

Online behavior that is left unchecked, often leads to abuse. It can occur when governance is laced. Good governance serves as a checkpoint

Whatever is expressed online can now be read by millions globally. Similarly, the internet has also become a platform for anyone who wishes to voice his thoughts, right or wrong, to seek a world audience, from one as young and vulnerable as a few years old, to another, much older and wiser and who knows right from wrong.

There must therefore be some guidelines or codes of conduct to govern what can be posted. For example, the contents on what is posted. Is it sensitive issues regarding race or religion that will hurt the feelings of a specific group? Or, making an outright demand, and making it clear that if the demand is not acceded to, dire consequences will follow. This was the case of the online group who banded themselves under “Anonymous” who would hack into websites, servers after they went online to make their demands known.

Reference link here  [See this video first followed by the one below]

Reference link here

Apart from the contents, it could also be the type of language used. Is it unpolished, sexist, or even vulgar language, that would contaminate the minds of a young reader or worst still, encourage him to follow the same track ?

When there are no boundaries drawn, absolute freedom would allow one to post whatever he wishes online in whatever form of base language, or lewd pictorial illustration, for he knows there is no consequences to his behavior.

Click here to see a Prezi presentation I did about the lack of control on social media.

In conclusion, among a whole lot of issues that needed to be addressed online, I am focussing on this issue on excessive freedom of expression because I also believe this is the root cause leading to other issues such as cyber bullying and online criminal activities

Coming up with some action plan has proven to be complex as prosecutors would require time as well as cooperation from social media sites to track  down the culprits. (The Guardian, 2014). But there must be a start somewhere to signal to offenders that they are no longer able to go scot free.

(440 Words)

References:

Freedom House (2016a) Internet freedom. Available at: https://www.freedomhouse.org/issues/internet-freedom (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Wikipedia (2016b) ‘Ethics’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethics (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Asher, N. and Birchmore, M. (2014) Case studies. Available at: http://roarlocal.com/maslows-hierarchy-social-media/ (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Chaffart, R. (no date) The danger of curiosity: Ouch! Available at: http://www.sermonillustrator.org/illustrator/sermon20/danger_of_curiosity.htm (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

The Guardian (2014) Twitter abuse: Easy on the messenger. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jan/24/twitter-abuse-abusive-tweets-editorial?CMP=twt_gu (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Greenwald, G. (2014) Why privacy matters. Available at: http://www.ted.com/talks/glenn_greenwald_why_privacy_matters (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Kelion, L. (2013) Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-24426739 (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Kleinman, Z. (2015) Who’s that girl? The curious case of Leah Palmer. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-31710738 (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Kwara, M. (2014) Singapore’s crime rate falls to 30-year low. Available at: https://sg.news.yahoo.com/singapore-s-crime-rate-falls-to-30-year-low-105825797.html (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Mens rea (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mens_rea (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Ronson, J. (2015) How One stupid Tweet blew up Justine Sacco’s life. Available at : this address (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

Vallor, S. (2015) Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-social-networking/ (Accessed: 11 November 2016).

 

Media References:

  1. Amos Yee’s video
  2. Amos Yee newspaper article
  3. Ethics presentation slides
  4. “Got Ethics? ” Image
  5. GIF Image
  6. Anonymous Threat to Mr Donald Trump
  7. ABC News Video