Category Archives: Topic 5

Topic 5: A reflection, Open Access: Knowledge with no strings attached (#MANG2049

I am grateful to Open Access (OA). It has in many ways brought knowledge to everyone seeking, even the poor because it is offered free of charge, as long as one has internet access

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Photo Reference: How things like OA might just cause the internet to “wake up the world ” Photo by Cisco Systems, found here

OA is testament to how powerful technology is.  Julaina highlighted, “Spending on ‘traditional’ media such as newspapers and magazines has dropped almost 20% in the last six months, while spending on digital media has almost halved”.

Video reference: The above video is from here .

A key benefit of OA is that it promotes independence.  Someone unwell can find out the cause of the symptom online and whether it could be self treated, saving time and money

Please click here to see a Prezi on how OA helps one to recover from cough

Sharing useful content online by authors  has  led to a wider audience . Authors get credited whenever their works are cited. The acknowledgement builds on their reputation

 

cc-by_logo

Photo Reference: Photo is from here

For instance, graphics that I posted earlier were shared by Adelene. She credited me for the works. Because of OA,  now my work has travelled and appeared on someone else’s blog

 

untitled-25

Image credits: Adelene Teo from her blog, Musings & Thoughts .

Lastly,

OA is a walking dictionary, helping us to understand and make sense out of concepts or issues which we have no clue. It’s biggest plus point lies in it being offered free of charge and available at the press of a button

This topic has enlightened me as to why academic institutions are particular about referencing. Referencing is the least we could do to credit the author for his effort.

giphyMedia Reference: GIF is from here

As the issue facing OA content producers is the cost of publishing online, before the issue gets out of control, I hope there would be some cost sharing mechanism in place. These can be in the form of collaboration between governments, content producers and research institutions to come together so that OA can continue to contribute positively to our day to day living and to make the world a better place.

 

open-access-sustainablity

Media Reference: A roadmap on how to sustain Open Access from my notebook

Video Reference: A Powtoon I made that shows how to sustain Open Access.

Unknown to many, OA actually supports competitor insight. It allows organisations to develop products that can exceed what its competitor does

Video Reference: This video shows the specification of a Lenovo laptop. Through OA, other laptop companies can ride on it as intel to produce a better laptop, to give them the differential advantage. Video is from here

(330 Words)

Comments

Adelene’s Blog

Julaina’s Blog

References:

Bibliography

Wikipedia (2016a) ‘There ain’t no such thing as a free lunch’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_ain%27t_no_such_thing_as_a_free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Adams, R. (2016) Sal Khan: The man who tutored his cousin – and started a revolution. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/apr/23/sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Forum, S.W. (2013) Education finally ripe for radical innovation by social entrepreneurs. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/skollworldforum/2013/04/07/education-finally-ripe-for-radical-innovation-by-social-entrepreneurs/#26caa9cf7a55 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Free lunch (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Investopedia.com (2008) ‘There Ain’t no such thing as A free lunch – TANSTAAFL’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tanstaafl.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Investopedia.com (2010) ‘Free lunch’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/free-lunch.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Lepitak, S. (2016) 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests. Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
onigiriseries (2016) ‘Topic 5: What does open access mean to you?’, 15 November. Available at: https://onigiriseries.wordpress.com/2016/11/15/topic-5-what-does-open-access-mean-to-you/ (Accessed: 16 November 2016).
Open access (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Open access and copyright (2012) Available at: http://www.scoop.it/t/open-access-and-copyright (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics) (2012) Open access explained! Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=L5rVH1KGBCY (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Teo, A. (2016) ‘Open access – how open should we be allowed to access?’, Musings & Thoughts, 15 November. Available at: https://adeleneteosite.wordpress.com/2016/11/15/is-there-a-limit-to-how-much-we-can-access-in-internet/ (Accessed: 16 November 2016).
Wiley, D., Green, C. and Soares, L. (2012) ‘Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER how open education resources unlock the door to free learning’, .
(2016b) Available at: https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=open+access&view=detailv2&&id=E1027E547EAA690528E1A0754D6173F9BEC279FC&selectedIndex=0&ccid=uqe4giGh&simid=608055147156606909&thid=OIP.Mbaa7b88221a1dcaafbda981036eb5c11o0&ajaxhist=0 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).

Citations, Quotes & Annotations

Wikipedia (2016a) ‘There ain’t no such thing as a free lunch’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_ain%27t_no_such_thing_as_a_free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(2016a)
Adams, R. (2016) Sal Khan: The man who tutored his cousin – and started a revolution. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/apr/23/sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Adams, 2016)
Forum, S.W. (2013) Education finally ripe for radical innovation by social entrepreneurs. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/skollworldforum/2013/04/07/education-finally-ripe-for-radical-innovation-by-social-entrepreneurs/#26caa9cf7a55 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Forum, 2013)
Free lunch (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Free lunch, 2016)
Investopedia.com (2008) ‘There Ain’t no such thing as A free lunch – TANSTAAFL’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tanstaafl.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Investopedia.com, 2008)
Investopedia.com (2010) ‘Free lunch’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/free-lunch.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Investopedia.com, 2010)
Lepitak, S. (2016) 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests. Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Lepitak, 2016)
onigiriseries (2016) ‘Topic 5: What does open access mean to you?’, 15 November. Available at: https://onigiriseries.wordpress.com/2016/11/15/topic-5-what-does-open-access-mean-to-you/ (Accessed: 16 November 2016).
(onigiriseries, 2016)
Open access (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Open access, 2016)
Open access and copyright (2012) Available at: http://www.scoop.it/t/open-access-and-copyright (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Open access and copyright, 2012)
Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics) (2012) Open access explained! Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=L5rVH1KGBCY (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics), 2012)
Teo, A. (2016) ‘Open access – how open should we be allowed to access?’, Musings & Thoughts, 15 November. Available at: https://adeleneteosite.wordpress.com/2016/11/15/is-there-a-limit-to-how-much-we-can-access-in-internet/ (Accessed: 16 November 2016).
(Teo, 2016)
Wiley, D., Green, C. and Soares, L. (2012) ‘Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER how open education resources unlock the door to free learning’, .
(Wiley, Green, and Soares, 2012)
(2016b) Available at: https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=open+access&view=detailv2&&id=E1027E547EAA690528E1A0754D6173F9BEC279FC&selectedIndex=0&ccid=uqe4giGh&simid=608055147156606909&thid=OIP.Mbaa7b88221a1dcaafbda981036eb5c11o0&ajaxhist=0 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(2016b)
Media References:

“Tomorrow Starts here” Image Available at:https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=cisco+tomorrow+starts+here&view=detailv2&id=1D73D2F51F3047A7D11B2BBEAA0539C8118BDED3&selectedindex=6&ccid=L9f6Ak6D&simid=608005793682753944&thid=OIP.M2fd7fa024e8367150945e0fb866c9dfdo0&mode=overlay&first=1

“Tomorrow Starts here” Video Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=By6rMUsQSug

OA Diagram Image Available at:https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=open+access&view=detailv2&&id=602E0C33EBA1E57B3F2B3CEF4555D270FFE8F3F8&selectedIndex=57&ccid=wlZKSrOx&simid=608030266406340340&thid=OIP.Mc2564a4ab3b1f1bba268add77b0624b0o0&mode=overlay

“Open Access in a nutshell ” Available at :https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=open+access&view=detailv2&&id=602E0C33EBA1E57B3F2B3CEF4555D270FFE8F3F8&selectedIndex=57&ccid=wlZKSrOx&simid=608030266406340340&thid=OIP.Mc2564a4ab3b1f1bba268add77b0624b0o0&mode=overlay

“Lenovo X1 Carbon Thinkpad” Available at:https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=open+access&view=detailv2&&id=602E0C33EBA1E57B3F2B3CEF4555D270FFE8F3F8&selectedIndex=57&ccid=wlZKSrOx&simid=608030266406340340&thid=OIP.Mc2564a4ab3b1f1bba268add77b0624b0o0&mode=overlay

“Shaking hands” Gif Available at: http://giphy.com/gifs/shakes-head-shaking-hands-hand-mP4PMOtoNI304

Media References In Prezi’s
“How to Stop Coughing in 5 Minutes” Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I89BNRCdKu0

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Topic 5: Open Access (#Mang2049)

oalogo

Photo references: The above photo is from here

Open access (OA) refers to a situation where one can read articles online free of charge. OA applies to all forms of research materials that are published online (Open access, 2016)

Please click here to see a Prezi, I did, on “Open Access In A Nut Shell”

The similarity of OA  across research materials

untitled-2

Photo reference: A diagram from my notebook with regards to 2 complementary points discovered.

  1. OA has facilitated learning and even allowed one to learn better than classroom lessons because of the width and depth of data it provides (Advantage)
  2. The costs to maintain OA is still relatively high. (Disadvantage)
  • Advantages Of OA

Students like me could well be the biggest beneficiary of OA. It has indeed allowed me free access to online resources round the clock. And the research is carried out in a most convenient way, at the click of a button, with no time wasted

An example is Khan Academy. Khan initially started out online as a hobby to provide “a free, world-class education for everyone”(Adams, 2016)

Video reference: The above video is from here

Video Reference: Khan delivering a Mathematics lesson . Video is from here

Today, as mentioned by Bill gates, “Khan’s impact on education might truly be incalculable” (Adams, 2016).  This shows the impact of OA, reaching out to numbers who would otherwise have been left behind, like the poor in developing nations

Through reading free content online, OA has also allowed the people behind the scene, the authors, writers etc to have an increased pool of audience and higher visibility of their works

  • Disadvantages Of OA

OA is difficult to maintain because of the fees involved

open-access-in-a-nut-shell

Photo Reference: A snippet from my notebook that shows what happens when there is free information available.

Cost of maintenance

In economics, there is no such thing as a free lunch(Investopedia.com, 2008). As such, someone has to pay to keep Open Access alive

Video Reference: Video on what is “no free lunch” from here

While reader gets free readership, the author is funding the publishing fees. OA deems that the author is responsible for absorbing the publication fees while the user enjoys it free

This might repress one from publishing his article online

Lack Of Quality Control (Q.C) : Quantity vs Quality

Please click here to see a Prezi on what Quality Control is, as per  industry standards.

Fees incurred in publishing online might lead to one putting more emphasis on recovering costs rather than producing quality work. As such, OA materials may not be as good as paid resources.

Paid content allows publishers to be compensated fairly for their work.

Video Reference: A Powtoon that I did which summarises what is Open Access, its advantages, disadvantages and what we must do to keep it going.

In conclusion, OA has given more people access to information, right down to the poor.  Because of OA, students in colleges now have the option to buy cheaper textbooks. (Wiley, Green, and Soares, 2012)

However, this will only remain sustainable and productive if costs of operating an OA is much reduced for quality and quantity work to continue to be churned out online. A possible solution would be for governments to offer grants or to cost share with the publishers

(440 Words)

References:

Bibliography

Wikipedia (2016) ‘There ain’t no such thing as a free lunch’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_ain%27t_no_such_thing_as_a_free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Adams, R. (2016) Sal Khan: The man who tutored his cousin – and started a revolution. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/apr/23/sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Forum, S.W. (2013) Education finally ripe for radical innovation by social entrepreneurs. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/skollworldforum/2013/04/07/education-finally-ripe-for-radical-innovation-by-social-entrepreneurs/#26caa9cf7a55 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Free lunch (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Investopedia.com (2008) ‘There Ain’t no such thing as A free lunch – TANSTAAFL’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tanstaafl.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Investopedia.com (2010) ‘Free lunch’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/free-lunch.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Lepitak, S. (2016) 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests. Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Open access (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Open access and copyright (2012) Available at: http://www.scoop.it/t/open-access-and-copyright (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics) (2012) Open access explained! Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=L5rVH1KGBCY (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
Wiley, D., Green, C. and Soares, L. (2012) ‘Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER how open education resources unlock the door to free learning’, .

Citations, Quotes & Annotations

Wikipedia (2016) ‘There ain’t no such thing as a free lunch’, in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_ain%27t_no_such_thing_as_a_free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(2016)
Adams, R. (2016) Sal Khan: The man who tutored his cousin – and started a revolution. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2013/apr/23/sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Adams, 2016)
Forum, S.W. (2013) Education finally ripe for radical innovation by social entrepreneurs. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/skollworldforum/2013/04/07/education-finally-ripe-for-radical-innovation-by-social-entrepreneurs/#26caa9cf7a55 (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Forum, 2013)
Free lunch (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_lunch (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Free lunch, 2016)
Investopedia.com (2008) ‘There Ain’t no such thing as A free lunch – TANSTAAFL’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tanstaafl.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Investopedia.com, 2008)
Investopedia.com (2010) ‘Free lunch’, in Available at: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/free-lunch.asp (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Investopedia.com, 2010)
Lepitak, S. (2016) 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests. Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Lepitak, 2016)
Open access (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Open access, 2016)
Open access and copyright (2012) Available at: http://www.scoop.it/t/open-access-and-copyright (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Open access and copyright, 2012)
Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics) (2012) Open access explained! Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=L5rVH1KGBCY (Accessed: 15 November 2016).
(Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics), 2012)
Wiley, D., Green, C. and Soares, L. (2012) ‘Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER how open education resources unlock the door to free learning’, .
(Wiley, Green, and Soares, 2012)
Media Resources used:
 1) Open Access logo, Available at:https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=open+access&view=detailv2&&id=E1027E547EAA690528E1A0754D6173F9BEC279FC&selectedIndex=0&ccid=uqe4giGh&simid=608055147156606909&thid=OIP.Mbaa7b88221a1dcaafbda981036eb5c11o0&ajaxhist=0
2) Khan Academy video, Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a70-dYvDJZY
3) “Khan Academy: The future of education? ”  Available at :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zxJgPHM5NYI
4)The Tradeoff Between Fun and Wages: No Such Thing as a Free Lunch, Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpSz2x0c1rU
Media Resources used in Prezi
1) “Open Access Dummies – What is Open Access?” Available at :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JlSmoHd3tR
2) “Vision Made Easy – by Cognex ” Avaliable at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FBWKLVS1W1I